The field of medical studies has witnessed widespread development over the years. The medical profession is constantly refurbished by new ideas and new technologies.
Today the foucs of medicine is an specialization and even super - serializations within specialist areas. Thus climbing the ladder of success is more complicated and arduous then even before. But the positive aspect is that the opportunities for medical aspirants have multiplied . The diagnosis and treatments that was earlier handled singly by the general practitioner is today divided amongst a posses of specialists and with better results. Thus, specialization is inevitable for the medical students who seeks to carve a niche for himself in this profession.
The major areas of specification are:
General Medicine : these practitioners usually perform the role of the family doctor. They diagnose and treat the every day and sundry ailments . In the event of an intractable sickness, the general practitioner recommends specialist intervention. Qualification: An MBBS degree with a 3 year M.D course in General Medicine or a Postgraduate diploma course in General Medicine .
Anaesthesiologists: Assest in the surgical process to make the surgical procedure as painless as possible.
General Surgery: is a speciallisa- tion where the doctor is trained in Surgery for all organs of the body. The surgeon can latter opt to specific areas. Performance of surgery and post operative care are the forte of the general surgeon. Qualification: MBBS with a 3 years MS Course .
Paediatrics: is a specialized area in medicine that focuse on diagnosis and treatment of children's diseases. Qualification: MBBS +3 year course in Paediarics Cardiology: studies the disease related to the heart and the Circulatory system. Qualification: MBBS +3, years course in cardio-thoracic surgery.
Obstetrics - Gynecology: Studies the diagnosis and treatment of conditions specific to the female reproductive system. Qualification : MBBS + MS in Obstetrics & Gynaecology .
Neurology: treats diseases and diseases and disorder related to the brain and the nervous system. Qualification: MBBS + MS in Neurosurgey.
Dermatology: focuses on problems related to the Skin. Qualification: MBBS + MD in Dermatology.
Ophthalmology: Is the treatment of diseases to the eye. Qualification: MBBS + MD / MD in Ophthalmology . ENT / Ear Nose Throat Specialist : treat disorders of the Ear , Nose and Throat. Qualification: MBBS + MD in psychiatry.
Psychiatry: Is the branch of that specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. Qualification: MBBS + MD in Psychiatry.
Pathology: Is the branch if medicine that investigates the cause of various diseases and the possibilities for their presentation. Qualification: MBBS + MS in Pathology.
Other specialization available are community medicine, physiology , venereology, communicable diseases, anatomy, plastic surgery, nephrology, urology, endocrinology, hematology, etc.
Doctors with post graduation can venture further a field and do a Ph.D in any specialized area of medicine . Those who process MD / MRCR . MS/ FRCS/ an complete the Doctoral programme in 2 years. For those who have an M.Sc in Medicine, the Ph.D programme takes 3 years.
Job Market : Employment opportunities exist in hospitals, nursing homes, polyclinics, health centers, Medical Colleges and Research Instruction. These is also scope for self employment . Training Programme : Training in medicine beings after successful completion of 10 +2/ equivalent in Physics / Chemistry and Biology . There are Entrance Examinations conducted on an All India basis as well as statewise for seats in the Medicinal College. The test is based on 12th standards syllabus. The chennai Board of Secondary Examination, Delhi conducts an All India Pre Medical /Pre Dental Entrance Exam. For admission to 15% of the total seats Governments,. Municipal and local bodies in India except about the examination can be got form : All India Pre -Medical / Pre - Medical / Pre Dental Entrance Examination Unit,CBSE, 17- B, IP Estate, New Delhi - 110 002.
The states also conduct their own Pre Medical Entrance Examination for domiciled candidates. These examinations are announced in January and conducted in March April.
There are also some national level institute where admission dose not hinge on domicile status . These institutions admit candidates thought an All India Entrance Test.
List of National Level Institutions :
1. All India Institute of Medical Science, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029.
2. Armed Forces Medical College, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra.
3. Banaras Hindu University, Institute of Medical Sciences, Varanasi - 221 005, Uttar Pradesh.
4. Christian Medical College, Ludhiana - 141 008, Punjab.
5. Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 002.
6. Jawahalal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry.
7. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligargh - 202 002. Uttra Pradesh
8. Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Science , PO, Sevagram, Wardha - 442 102, Maharastra.
9. Medical College, Bharitya Vidyapeeth (Deemed University) Dhanakawai, Pune - 411 043.
10. Raja Muthuaiah Institute of Health Sciences, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar.
11. Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, (A Deemed University) Porur, Cheenai - 600 016.
12. St. John's National Academy of Health Science, Johannagar, Bangalore - 560 034.
Other Medical Colleges in India :
Statewise Medical Colleges Offering MBBS Courses in India